Geography of Hungary is mostly dominated by the Great Hungarian Plain east of Danube river. The country is characterized by an undulating landscape of hills and plains, and it has one of the largest continuous grasslands in Europe. Hungary has more than 1000 thermal springs, and even a thermal lake. The largest lake is the Lake Balaton with an area of 592 sq km and it is central Europe's largest freshwater lake. Water erosion had created hundreds of kilometers of caves in the Hungarian limestone mountains of which some of them are accessible as tourist attractions.
The capital of Hungary, Budapest, originates from two separately existing cities Buda and Pest. Budapest is one of the oldest cities in the Europe settled by Romans in 1st century. The modern history of Budapest dates back to 1873 when old residential Buda city on the hilly western bank of river Danube was merged with industrial Pest on eastern flat side of Danube River. Currently Budapest is a modern European city attracting tourist from all over the world. It has numerous historical and cultural monuments as well as places for entertainment and rejuvenation.
HUNGARY AND HEALTH TOURISM
The waters that are used in healing spas and that are beneficial in spa procedures fall into these three categories: the mineral waters from groundwater layers, thermal water at temperature of 30°C and above and medicinal water with scientifically proven medicinal effects. Thermal water or medicinal water can be found in 80% of the country. The conditions treated in Hungarian spas are as follows: general limited movement disabilities, chronic gynecologic diseases, skin conditions, rehabilitation after sports injuries.
Hungary has a centuries old spa history - some of the spas’ origins dating back to Roman times. Being a part of the Ottoman Empire for some time contributed to the spa/bath culture of the Hungarian capital – the beautiful original Turkish Baths in Budapest that are still in use have their origins in the 16th century. The spa offers a variety of treatments that use over 1000 healing springs from the surrounding location. Lake Heviz is the largest thermal lake in Europe. It is real natural phenomenon with its 25C yearly average water temperature.
For more information see treatment packages.
Lively folk music and dance - Czardas, spicy and delicious cuisine - fish soup or goulash, black pottery from Mohacs, laces and embroidery these are typical representatives for folk tradition and the world famous porcelain is produced in Hungary.
INTERESTING FACTS ABOUT HUNGARY
- Around 1000 CE, the Kingdom of Hungary was one of the largest states in Europe, bigger than France. Later, it became one of the two "eagle heads" of the Austro-Hungarian Empire
- The country has one of the highest number, per capita, of Nobel laureates
- Horsemanship in Hungary has a long history, going back to the Magyars, the first Hungarians. Magyars rode from central Asia to settle in current territory of Hungary
- The famous logic-toy, Rubik cube, was invented by a Hungarian engineer, Ernő Rubik. Mr. Rubik originally named the toy as Magic Cube. Hint: the colour of a side is determined by the colour of the centre-cube of that side
- One of the earliest remaining fragments of the Hungarian language was found in Nova Scotia, Newfoundland. Yarmouth County Museum in Nova Scotia keeps a unique artifact – Runic Stone, which proves that at least one Hungarian was in America before Columbus. Tyrkir, who accompanied Vikings on the voyage of the great discoveries around the year 1000, was Hungarian.
- The northern most visited place by Muslims is in Budapest. It is the tomb of Gül Baba who came to Hungary during the Turkish invasion in the 16th century. He was honored after his death in 1541 and laid to rest in the tomb that survived centuries. His tomb has been recently restored and is currently in ownership of Turkish Republic (Gül Baba’s country of origin). The tomb has become an Islamic place of interest that still draws visitors from around the world